Hungary was founded in the late 9th century by the Hungarian prince Árpád, whose great-grandson Saint Stephen I was crowned with a crown sent by the pope from Rome in 1000 AD.

The Kingdom of Hungary existed for 946 years and at various points was regarded as one of the cultural centres of the Western world.

After about 150 years of partial Ottoman occupation (1541–1699), Hungary was integrated into the Habsburg Monarchy, and later constituted half of the Austro-Hungarian dual monarchy (1867–1918).

The kingdom was succeeded by an authoritarian regime, and then a Communist era (1947–1989) during which Hungary gained widespread international attention during the Revolution of 1956 and the seminal opening of its border with Austria in 1989, thus accelerating the collapse of the Eastern Bloc.

The present form of government is a parliamentary republic, which was established in 1989. As for tourism, Hungary is very famous for its thermal places, with for instance, the largest thermal cave system in the world!

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